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THE ANDRADE FAMILYnotes by P John Partington
NOTE ABOUT NAMES
Until their arrival in England in the mid-eighteenth century, our ‘Andrade’ forebears used the name as a patronymic (“d’Andrade”), prefixed by “da Costa” in honour of their descent from the famous “da Costa” banking family (see opening section below). Once the family had settled in England the surname became in effect “da Costa Andrade”, which it remained until the nineteenth century, during the course of which an increasing number of the family began to drop the “da Costa” – many of them apparently styling themselves interchangeably as “Andrade” and “da Costa Andrade”. By the twentieth century, “da Costa” had become in effect a forename, which some branches of the family tended to use, while others did not. Throughout these notes, the section headings (apart from the first three) simply use forenames without “da Costa” or “Andrade”, while the text may or may not use “da Costa”, depending largely on how often the individual in question seems to have used the name.
– DA COSTA AND D’ANDRADE
It was in this Portuguese context that in the early seventeenth century a certain Jorge Nunes da Costa married Guiomar de Andrade. They had at least one son, Nuno da Costa de Andrade, and two daughters. Nothing else is yet known of them, but it is from this couple that our ‘da Costa Andrade’ family is descended.
NUNO DA COSTA DE
ANDRADE (bef. 1617 - 1654)
Nuno da Costa de Andrade, son of Jorge Nunes da Costa and Guiomar de Andrade (see above) was born in Belmonte, Portugal. On 10 July 1632, in the parish of St Vincente, Guarda, he married Maria (Sara) Henriques (born in Guarda to Luis Goncalves and Joana Lopes). The couple had nine children: Jorge Nunes da Costa, baptized in 1638, Luis Goncalves de Andrade in 1639, Francisco de Andrade (also known as Francisco Jorge) in 1641, and six further children, all surnamed “da Costa de Andrade” – Joana (Rachel) baptized in 1643, Guiomar (Ester) in 1645, Isabel in 1647, Maria (Ribca) in 1649, Nuno (Benjamin) born in 1651 and Lourenco baptized in 1654. Nuno, a banker, died in Guarda on 17 April 1654; his widow Maria / Sara moved to Amsterdam, where she died on 27 June 1682.
OF NUNO DA COSTA DE ANDRADE (bef. 1617 - 1654)
Nuno’s first child, Jorge Nunes da Costa, was baptized in Guarda, Portugal, on 28 January 1638. He was arrested by the Inquisition in Lisbon on 10 September 1663 and underwent auto-da-fé on 17 August the following year. Subsequently he changed his name, becoming known as Joseph da Costa de Andrade. Sometime before 1675 he married Sarah Aboab Cardozo, with whom he had four children, all it seems born in Curaçao: Abraham, David in 1677, Benjamin and Rachel (details below). Jorge / Joseph died in Curaçao on 13 May 1704; Sarah died there on 23 May 1728.
Nuno’s second child, Luis Goncalves de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 15 May 1639. Like his older brother, he too was arrested by the Inquisition, in Lisbon on 14 July 1655; he managed, however, to escape. Later he became David da Costa de Andrade, and under that name married Ester Franco Mendes in Amsterdam on 3 March 1658. The following year, still in Amsterdam, the couple had a son, Abraham (who died in 1690). Ester died in Amsterdam on 2 May 1666; Luis / David, a ‘merchant’, died there on 20 January 1685.
Nuno’s third child, Francisco de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 7 November 1641. Also known as Francisco Jorge after his mother’s brother, a lawyer, in 1663 he was living in Spain.
Nuno’s fourth child, Joana (Rachel) da Costa de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 30 July 1643. She married Miquel (Jacob) Telles da Costa, and died in Amsterdam on 22 September 1665. (Six years later, still in Amsterdam , Jacob married Sara Franco Mendes; he died in Amsterdam on 14 January 1709.)
Nuno’s fifth child, Guiomar (Ester) da Costa de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 2 March 1645. She married Isaac Mendes Penha, by whom she had a son, Abraham Mendes, in about 1665. Isaac, a merchant, died in Amsterdam on 11 April 1695; Ester died there on 26 May 1719.
Nuno’s sixth child, Isabel da Costa de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 6 May 1647; she died sometime before 1663.
Nuno’s seventh child, Maria (Ribca) da Costa de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 26 April 1649. She married, in Amsterdam, Benjamin Jessurun Lobo. They had a son, Daniel Jessurun, in 1683. Benjamin, who as a merchant used the surname ‘de Medina’, died in Amsterdam on 8 April 1684; Maria died there on 3 August 1687.
Nuno’s eighth child, another Nuno (later Benjamin) da Costa de Andrade, was born in Guarda on 8 March 1651, and baptized there twelve days later. Within a few years he moved with his family to Martinique, where they became involved in the cultivation of the cacao plant – Benjamin himself becoming famous as the man who introduced chocolate to Europe (see eg here). He married four times: first, in Amsterdam in 1676, Sara de Mercado, whom he brought back to Martinique, together with a Torah scroll for the new synagogue there. The couple had a daughter, Sara, in about 1678. Sara (senior) died on Martinique, whereupon Benjamin married Luna de Oliveira, with whom he had two daughters – Ribca and Ester. Back in Amsterdam, and with Luna presumably dead, he married (in the synagogue on 23 September 1696) Simcha Nunes Carvalho – who seems to have left the Netherlands soon after the marriage. So just three years later (in the City Hall, Amsterdam on 27 September 1699), he married Ester Baruch Carvalho. They had already had a child, born two years before their marriage – Abraham Haim. (For details of all four children see below). In 1699 Benjamin was living at Houtgracht, Amsterdam. He died, still in Amsterdam, on 8 December 1699; Ester died there on 13 April 1722.
Nuno’s ninth child, Lourenco da Costa de Andrade, was baptized in Guarda on 26 January 1654. He died sometime before 1663.
CHILDREN OF JOSEPH
(1638 - 1704)
Joseph’s first child, Abraham, was born in Curaçao. He apparently married a Ribca (surnamed Jeudah Leao?) and had two daughters, Rachel & Esther. Abraham died in 1753 and Ribca on 19 January 1770, both in Curaçao.
Joseph’s second child, David, was born in Curaçao in 1677. He married his cousin Sara da Costa d’Andrade of Curaçao in Amsterdam in 1694.
Joseph’s third child, Benjamin, was born in Curaçao. Like his oldest brother he married a Jeudah Leao, Rachel. He died in 1749, and Rachel on 6 February 1777, both in Curaçao.
Joseph’s fourth child, Rachel, was born in Curaçao. She married Jacob Jesurun Henriquez, and had three children – Joseph, Ephraim and Esther. She died on 1 March 1744, still in Curaçao.
THE CHILDREN OF BENJAMIN (1649 - aft. 1698)Benjamin’s daughter by his first marriage, Sara, was born in about 1678 on the island of Martinique in the Carribean. She married her cousin David da Costa d’Andrade of Curaçao in Amsterdam in 1694.
daughter by his second marriage,
married Isaac Nunes Carvalho of Barbados.
Benjamin’s son Abraham Haim was born in Amsterdam in 1697. In 1717 he was living in the Zwanenburgerstraat. Sometime after that, still in Amsterdam, he married Judith Henrique Fara; they had a son, David Haim. He died sometime before 1763.
THE CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM HAIM (1697 - aft. 1716)Bevis Marks Synagogue, in the City of London (the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom still in use), is affiliated to London’s historic Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community. It’s there that on 8 January 1748/49 Abraham’s son David Haim da Costa Andrade married Judith de Jacob de Leon – the first record that I have yet found of an Andrade in London. (Judith was the daughter of Jacob de Leon and Rachel, whose Jewish marriage is recorded as having taken place in Bevis Marks on 24 September 1727. They are described as “Vindos de Portugal” – refugees from Portugal who had probably been married in church there and were now free to remarry according to the Jewish rite.) David & Judith had seven children: Benjamin born in 1753, Moses in 1766, Esther, Joachim, Leah, Rayner and Rebecca. David died in 1776.
THE CHILDREN OF DAVID HAIM (bef. 1733 - aft. 1751)
David’s first child, Benjamin da Costa was born on 3 May 1753. On 4 December 1785 he married Judith de Saul Rodrigues in Bevis Marks. The couple had nine or ten children – David born in 1786, Saul in 1788, Jacob in 1789, Rachel in 1791, David Haim in 1793, Clarissa in 1794, Sophia in 1796, Sarah in 1798, Rayner in 1801, and perhaps also an Elizabeth (details below). In 1816, when he made his will, Benjamin was living in Whitechapel. He died that year; Judith died in 1850.
David’s second child, Moses da Costa, was born in 1766. He married Lucia Azulay in 1787: they had children David in 1788, Rachel in 1790, Sarah in 1792, Leah in 1794, Rebecca in 1799, Solomon in 1801, Solomon Haim in 1802, Abraham in 1805 and Raphael in 1809 (details below). Moses died on 26 August 1841, in the Portuguese Jews’ Hospital in Stepney.
David’s third child, Esther, was born in London. In 1785, still in London, she married Benjamin Alvarenga, by whom she had seven children including Judith born in 1788, Leah (who married her cousin David da Costa Andrade) in 1790, David in 1791 and Esther. Esther senior died in London, and Benjamin in 1837, also in London.
David’s fourth child was Joachim. Nothing further is known of him.
David’s fifth child, Leah, married Isaac Vanano on 15 December 1790 at the Bevis Marks Synagogue in London. The couple had a son, Abraham, in 1793. Leah died, still in London, in 1849.
David’s sixth child, Rayna, married David Saul Rodrigues on 18 June 1777 at the Bevis Marks synagogue in London. The had eleven children – Zipora Saul, Johnathan Saul in 1778, Abraham in 1779, Saul Saul in 1781, Moses in 1783, Benjamin in 1785, Leah in 1787, Jacob in 1788, Rachel and Samuel Saul in 1791 and Rayna in 1794. Rayna senior died on 13 July 1794 and David in 1800.
David’s seventh child, Rebecca, married David Rodrigues. In 1816 she was bequeathed twenty pounds by her brother Benjamin: David was referred to as a butcher, living in Whitechapel.
THE CHILDREN OF BENJAMIN (1753 - 1816)
Benjamin’s son Saul was born in Whitechapel, London on 26 March 1788. On 12 November 1810 he married Leah de Abraham Haim Brendahan at Bevis Marks Synagogue in London. The couple had nine children – Benjamin born in 1812, Abraham in 1814, David in 1817, Sophia in 1820, Alfred in 1822, Julia in about 1824 Eliza in 1826, Edwin in 1828 and Emma in 1830 (details below). In 1816 Saul and his brother David were bequeathed their father’s butcher’s shop “in case they shall be disposed to join in copartnership together and carry on my business of a Butcher but not otherwise”. Indeed in 1846 Saul was a “meat salesman”, living at 145 Kingsland Road; Leah died on 5 February that year. In 1851 he was at 9 Dorset Place North in Kennington with David, Sophia and Emma, and still working as a butcher. He died on 12 August 1852 in Newington, Surrey.
Benjamin’s third child, Jacob, was born in London on 30 September 1789. He died, still in London, in 1801.
Benjamin’s fourth child, Rachel, was born in London on 19 May 1791. On 14 October 1812 she married Israel Isaacs at the Great Synagogue in London. The couple had at least six children: Elias in 1814, Julia in 1815, Barnett Jacob in about 1821, Maria in 1824, Barnard in 1828, and Jacob (or John) Andrade in about 1831. In 1851 the couple were living at 7 Scarborough Street in Whitechapel; Israel was working as a commercial traveller in stationery.
Benjamin’s fifth child, David Haim, was born in Whitechapel on 19 March 1793. On 3 July 1822 he married Sipporah Piar Israel, with whom he had eight children: Judith in 1823, Benjamin in 1825, Eliza in 1827, Abigail in 1828, Nathan in 1830, Marian and Jacob in 1833, and Israel in 1837 (details below). David died in 1855, and Sipporah in 1871.
Benjamin’s sixth child, Clarissa (or Clara), was born in London on 13 February 1794. She married a solicitor, Alexander Levy, and had six children: David, Benjamin, Clarissa, Isaac, Eliza (who married her cousin Benjamin da Costa Andrade), and John Jacob.
Benjamin’s seventh child, Sophia, was born in London on 6 February 1796. On 23 February 1831 she married Lewis J (‘Levy’) Cohen, by whom she had four children: Joseph born in 1832, Benjamin in 1834, Solomon in 1835 and Frederick in 1840. Levy, who was in the “playing card business”, died on 14 April 1868 and Sophia on 20 January 1870.
Benjamin’s eighth child, Sarah, was born in London on 18 February 1798. She married a cheese merchant, Henry Harben and had at least three children: Sarah Born in 1821, Henry in 1823, and Benjamin in 1827. According to a Harben family history website, Henry “continued in his father’s cheese trade, and was his partner in a cheesemongering firm in the 1820s. By 1830 he was in a partnership with William Larking. Around 1830 Henry left the family to live with Mary Anne Roberts, with whom he had two more children. He went bankrupt in 1835 and died in 1868.” Sarah herself died in 1870.
Benjamin’s ninth child, Rayner, was born on 9 April 1801 in the City of London. On 18 January 1826 she married Moses Lazarus Lawrence, and had seven children: John Moss born in 1825/6, Julia in 1827/8, Benjamin in 1829, Phineas in 1831, Lawrence in 1832/3, Rachel in 1833/4, and Sarah in 1841/2. In 1841 Moses & Andrade were at 4 Castle Street, Aldersgate – there is no sign of the family. Ten years later they were living in Paddington, with Lawrence, Rachel & Sarah L; with Moses being recorded as a ‘merchant’. By 1861 Moses seems to have changed his name to ‘John’, and the census that year recorded him with Rayner, Rachel & Sarah at 41 Clifton Gardens, Paddington. Moses/John died in 1865; Rayner herself died in 1870/1, in Kensington.
There may also have been another daughter, Elizabeth. The will of a Joseph Lazarus who died in London in 1850 refers to his wife Elizabeth, and to Israel Isaacs the husband of Elizabeth’s sister. In addition one of Joseph’s executors is Moses Lazarus Lawrence. No other reference to her has yet been found.
CHILDREN OF SAUL
(1788 - 1852)
Saul’s first child, Benjamin, was born in Shoreditch in 1812. In 1835 he was one of the first Jewish people to be granted the Freedom of the City of London. On 30 September 1843, in Hoxton, he married his cousin cousin Eliza Levy. The couple had six children: Emily Louisa born in 1847, Clarissa Eliza in 1848, Alexander Benjamin in 1849, Julia Alice in 1851, Frederick Charles in 1853 and Ada Florence in about 1857 (details below). In the 1870s Benjamin arranged for the private publication of a book of his own essays and poems called ‘Trade Truths and Fireside Fancies’ – the essays providing a fascinating insight into the mid nineteenth-century meat trade and animal husbandry “whilst his poetry leaves much to be desired”. He apparently also “liked to gamble on the horses, and lived in relative poverty towards the end whereas his brothers flourished in the butchery business”. Benjamin was living in Leytonstone when he died in 1894, aged eighty-one; Eliza died five years later.
Saul’s third child, David da Costa, was born in 1817. On 10 November 1858, at 10 South Street Finsbury, he married his cousin Eliza (‘Elisheba’) Andrade, with whom he had at least six children – Maria, born in 1860, Kate in 1861, Herbert in 1863/4, Walter in 1864/5, Arthur in 1866/7 and Ernest in 1871/2 (details below). In 1861 David was recorded living at 21 Brunswick Square, St Pancras, working as a “meat salesman”. In 1881 he was at 17 Aberdeen Park, still a meat salesman. He died on 13 October 1898.
Saul’s fourth child, Sophia, was born in 1820. She died, unmarried, on 18 January 1881.
Saul’s fifth child, Alfred, was born in 1822. In 1847 he married a widow fourteen years older than himself, Mary A Thomson, and the couple had a daughter, Louisa Sarah, born in 1849. In 1851 the family were living in Newington, with Alfred working as a journeyman butcher. It is probably this Alfred whose death was registered, “aged 62” at St Olave in the first quarter of 1881.
Saul’s sixth child, Juliana, was born in Whitechapel in about 1824. On 27 March 1851 she married Edmund Hawkins at St Mark’s Kennington. In 1861 she was recorded as a “dealer in brushes and woodware”. In 1871 Edmund was a solicitor’s clerk. The couple had seven children: Edmund Andrade born in 1852, Percy in 1854, Herbert Andrade in 1855, Frank Andrade in 1857, Ada in 1859, Arthur David Andrade in 1860 and Sidney Andrade in 1864. Julia died in Islington in 1874. Seven years later Edmund was living at 72 Church Road, Islington; he died in 1891.
Saul’s seventh child, Eliza, was born in 1826. On 13 July 1862, at ChristChurch Highbury Grove, Islington, she married Edwin Ellis.
Saul’s eighth child, Edwin, was born in 1828. In his youth he went to Australia for a while, but subsequently returned to England. In 1881 he was living, unmarried, at 308 Upper Street, Islington, working as an ink-maker. He died in Leyton, Essex, on 27 February 1888.
Saul’s ninth child, Emma, was born in Whitechapel in 1830. In 1881 she was unmarried, living (or staying) with her brother David at 17 Aberdeen Park. She died at 1 Highbury Terrace on 11 November 1901.
CHILDREN OF BENJAMIN
(1812 - 1894)
Benjamin’s first child, Emily Louisa, was born in 1847. Nothing further is yet known of her.
Benjamin’s second child, Clarissa Eliza, was born in 1848. She married a Spaniard, Ysidoro Maroche Palacio, in London in 1876. She had three children – Maud born in 1877, Ethel in 1879 and Juan Ysidoro Marroche in 1882 – but just days before Juan was born Ysidoro left for Manilla in the Philippines, from where he never returned The family endured considerable poverty for some years before Clarissa’s father came to their rescue. (It seems likely that Benjamin never approved of his daughter’s choice of husband.)
Benjamin’s third child, Alexander Benjamin, was born in the Old Kent Road in 1849. In 1873 he married a widow twenty years older than himself – Matilda Augusta Holmes. Eight years later the couple were living at 2 Yew Tree Villa, Green Lane, in Barking, Essex, with three of Matilda’s children – sixteen-year old Matilda D, thirteen-year old Samuel D and eleven-year old Sidney D; Alexander was working as a solicitor’s clerk. Matilda died in 1903/4 and Alexander in 1912.
Benjamin’s fourth child, Julia Alice, was born in 1851, and his fifth, Frederick Charles, in 1853. Nothing further is yet known of them.
Benjamin’s sixth child, Ada Florence, was born in about 1857. She married a John Henry Ferraby, by whom she had a daughter, Lilian Ada.
THE CHILDREN OF ABRAHAM (1814 - 1883)
Abraham’s first child, David Alfred, was born in Collingwood, Victoria, Australia, on 30 April 1859. Both he and his brother Will feature in the Australian Dictionary of Biography, as “anarchists and booksellers”, David’s entry reading as follows: “... Both brothers were active in [the] Australasian Secular Association, but their increasing advocacy of anarchist theory led to tension within that primarily freethought society. In May 1886, they helped to form the Melbourne Anarchists’ Club: author of its Prospectus, David was elected secretary, and was also chief organizer and theoretician. ... [He] set up as a bookseller, stationer, newsagent and printer at North Brunswick and later at his ‘Liberty Hall’ in Russell Street, Melbourne. An active speaker, he was also founder of the Melbourne Co-operative No. 1, a workshop at Albert Park. He contributed news and theoretical items to overseas anarchist papers, but his more significant works were published locally: Money: A Study of the Currency Question (1887), Our Social System (n.d.), An Anarchist Plan of Campaign (1888), and a utopian novel, The Melbourne Riots and How Harry Holdfast and his Friends Emancipated the Workers (1892). When the Anarchist Club dissolved in 1888, David sought unsuccessfully to revive the Sunday Free Discussion Society. In the early 1890s he became secretary to the Unemployed Workers’ Association in Richmond, concerned to encourage co-operative production and assist in land settlement, themes which had been central to his novel. He turned to the South Sassafras village settlement when, in 1894, business failure reduced him to near destitution, and became a ‘ten-acre selector’, storekeeper and mailman.” In 1882 David had married Emily Anders, with whom he had four children – Alfred Arthur born in 1883, Gertrude Louise in 1888, Hypathia E in 1889 and Proudhon W in 1893 (details below).
Abraham’s second child, Emma Maria, was born in Collingwood in 1861. She married Ernest Moore and had a son Ernest Andrade, born in 1889.
Abraham’s third child, William Charles, was born in Collingwood on 12 October 1863. The ADB writes of him as follows: “William had to leave school early, studying at night after working long hours in a drapery shop. ... By 1887 Will had moved to Sydney with his wife Emma Louisa, née Wickham, whom he had married at the Richmond registry office on 3 February 1886. He represented the Anarchists’ Club at the Australasian Freethought Conference in Sydney, staying there to become a ‘dealer in progressive works’. He did not succeed in establishing an anarchists’ club and sought to influence the newly formed Australian Socialist League. After some time in Mackay, Queensland, he returned to Melbourne, set up in a grocery business and became interested in acting. In 1898 he started a bookshop at 201 Bourke Street, moving in the late 1920s to Swanston Street. Andrade stocked mainly theatrical and conjuring books and supplies, but his shop also became a significant propaganda and organizing centre for emergent socialist groups throughout Australasia. His imports of radical literature ordered by left-wing groups were detained several times during World War I, but an intelligence report vouched for his ‘good character’. He was an active anti-conscriptionist but later withdrew from political activity, though still radical in outlook. ... [He] published the first Australian editions in translation of several of Lenin’s works. In 1920 Andrade moved to Sydney, opening a branch in Central Square, later transferring to 173 Pitt Street. His first wife had died in Melbourne in 1894 and on 6 September 1907 at North Sydney he married Hilda Champion Sinclair with Unitarian rites; their only son later managed the Melbourne business. Andrade made three trips to Europe between 1910 and 1935; in 1910 he also visited the United States of America.” William had three children with his first wife – Florence Vera born in 1892, Evelyn, and Charles Mackay born in 1888 – and one with his second wife – William Sinclair born in 1917. (Details of all the children are below).
Abraham’s fourth child, Eliza Sophia, was born in Collingwood in 1865. In 1893 she married Alex Laird Dick, by whom she had three children – Ida M born in 1894, Marion G in 1896 and Archibald Henry in 1900.
Abraham’s fifth child, Helen Marie da Costa (‘Nell’), was born in Collingwood in 1869. On 19 Jan 1891, at Hampden Road, Armadale, Victoria, she married Alfred Fowler Weight, by whom she had three children – George Alfred born in 1892, Doris Ethel and William Henry in 1896.
CHILDREN OF DAVID ALFRED
(1859 - )
David’s first child, Alfred Arthur, was born in Melbourne in 1883. He died there in 1909.
David’s second child, Gertrude Louise, was born in Melbourne in 1888. She married William Schofield.
David’s third child, Hypathia E, was born in Brunswick in 1889.
David’s fourth child, Proudhon W, was born in Melbourne in 1893. He died there in 1913.
CHILDREN OF WILLIAM CHARLES
(1863 - )
William’s first child by his first wife, Florence Vera, was born in Yarrow Flats in 1892. She married Frank H Fowler.
Nothing is yet known of William’s second child by his first wife, Evelyn.
William’s third child by his first wife, Charles Mackay, was born in Queensland on 24 April 1888. He died there on 14 April the following year.
William’s only child his second wife, William Sinclair, was born in 1917.
THE CHILDREN OF DAVID (1817 - 1898) AND ELIZA (1827 - 1910)
David & Eliza’s first child, Marian Eliza, was born in 1859; in 1881 she was living with her parents at 17 Aberdeen Park, Islington.
David & Eliza’s second child, Kate Louisa, was born in Cornwall in 1861; in 1881 she was living with her parents at 17 Aberdeen Park
David & Eliza’s third child, Herbert D, was born in 1863, and their fourth, Walter, in 1864. In 1881 they were living with their parents at 17 Aberdeen Park, Islington.
David & Eliza’s fifth child, Arthur, was born in 1866. In 1881 he was living with his parents at 17 Aberdeen Park, Islington. In July 1896 he married Annie Adele Alexander; the couple had three children – Philip David born in 1897, Dora Annie in 1899 and Gordon Albert in 1902
David & Eliza’s sixth child, Ellen Sophia, was born in May 1869 and died in April the following year.
David & Eliza’s seventh child, Ernest, was born in 1872. In 1881 he was living with his parents at 17 Aberdeen Park, Islington.
CHILDREN OF DAVID HAIM
David’s first child, Judith, was born on 31 August 1823. Nothing further is known about her.
David’s second child, Benjamin, was born on 21 July 1825. In 1881 he was listed as a “meat salesman”, living at 43 Beresford Road, Islington. He died on 19 April 1905.
David’s third child, Eliza, was born in 1827. On 10 November 1858, at 10 South Street Finsbury, she married her cousin David da Costa Andrade, by whom she had at least six children – Maria, born in 1860, Kate in 1861, Herbert in 1863/4, Walter in 1864/5, Arthur in 1866/7 and Ernest in 1871/2 (details above). In 1861 the couple were at 21 Brunswick Square, St Pancras; twenty years later they were at 17 Aberdeen Park. Widowed in 1898, Eliza died on 10 January 1910.
David’s fourth child, Abigail da Costa was born on 15 October 1828; his fifth, Nathan da Costa, was born in Aldgate on 5 May 1830 and died in 1888.
David’s sixth child, Marian, was born in 1833. In 1881 she was living with her brothers Benjamin and Israel in Beresford Road, Islington; she died, still in Islington, in 1909.
David’s seventh child, Jacob da Costa, was born on 13 December 1833. He died in Covent Garden in 1903.
da Costa, was
born on 11 June
1837. In 1881 he was living with Benjamin and Marian in
Beresford Road, Islington. He died in Hackney in 1904.
THE CHILDREN OF MOSES (1766 - 1841)
Moses’ first child, David da Costa, was born on 20 May 1788. On 20 January 1811, in London, he married his cousin Leah Alvarenga, with whom he had eleven children – Moses born in 1812, Benjamin in 1813, Lucy in 1815, Solomon in 1817, Abraham in 1819, Robert (date unknown), Jacob in 1822, Esther in 1824, Isaac in 1827, Hannah Esther in 1829 and Joseph in 1834 (details below). In 1841 David was recorded as a “feather manufacturer”, living in Lemon Street; he and Leah died, dates as yet unknown, in London.
Moses’ second child, Rachel, was born on 12 July 1790, and his third, Sarah, on 19 April 1792. They both died in London, in 1840 and 1823 respectively.
Moses’ fourth child, Leah, was born on 8 May 1794. The 1851 census records her living in St Katherine’s, Cree, in London – her occupation given as “poor”, but the head of a household apparently of older ladies including a fifty-four year old Abigail Andrade, a “feather maker”.
Moses’ fifth child, Rebecca, was born on 23 January 1799. Nothing further is known of her..
Moses’ sixth child, Solomon, was born on 8 February 1801 and died that same year.
Moses’s seventh child, Solomon Haim, was born on 12 August 1802. In 1826 he married Esther de Joseph Zamira, with whom he had thirteen children – Moses, born in 1827, Joseph in 1828, David in 1830, Sarah in 1832, Lucy Rebecca in 1835, Joseph Haim in 1836, Samuel in 1838, Hannah in 1840, Louisa in 1841, Joshua in 1843, Rebecca in 1845, Abigail and Leah in 1847 (details below). The 1841 census recorded Solomon as a “feather maker”. On 22 September 1865 the Jewish Chronicle reported: “On Sunday last an interesting ceremony took place at Spencer House, Essex Road, Islington – namely, the consecration of a new [Sephardim] Synagogue erected by SH Andrade at his own expense.” Solomon died on 30 January 1866 at Spencer House; Esther died there on 12 March 1899.
Abraham’s eighth child, Abraham, was born on 19 March 1805; and his ninth, Raphael, on 26 May 1809. Nothing further is known of them.
THE CHILDREN OF DAVID (1788 - aft. 1840)
David’s first child, Moses da Costa, was born in London on 7 April 1812. A ‘furrier’, he married Rachel Jacobs on 26 June 1839. He died, date unknown, in London.
David’s second child, Benjamin da Costa, was born in London on 1 May 1813. He married Elizabeth (surname unknown) and in 1851 they were both recorded in Whitechapel, working as ‘brushmakers’.
David’s third child, Lucy da Costa, was born in London on 16 January 1815. She died, still in London, in 1845.
David’s fourth child, Solomon da Costa, was born in London on 8 April 1817. On 22 March 1843 he married Hannah Isaacs. They had nine children: Louisa in 1844, David in 1846, Julia in 1848, Lucy in 1851, Maurice in 1853, Benjamin in about 1855, Sarah in 1857, Rachel in about 1859, and Esther in about 1861 (details below). In 1861 the couple were living at 3 Stepney Green Terrace, Mile End, and twenty years later they were at 23 Athelstan Road, Stepney, Solomon being recorded as an invalid. He died on 7 September 1890 and Hannah on 16 August 1894, both still in London.
David’s fifth child, Abraham da Costa, was born on 8 May 1819. On 22 June 1870, in Bevis Marks Synagogue, he married Gentilica Lemon. Gentilica died on 9 May 1881 and Abraham on 19 July 1892, both in London.
David’s sixth child, Robert, was born sometime before 1820. In 1841 he was working as a tailor, living at 43 Lemon Street, Newington.
David’s seventh child, Jacob da Costa, was born on 2 March 1822; his eighth, Esther da Costa on 21 May 1824; his ninth, Isaac (or ‘Edwin’), on 29 September 1827; and his tenth, Hannah Esther, on 29 March 1829 – all in London. Nothing further is known of them.
David’s eleventh child, Joseph, was born in London on 10 March 1834. He married Rebecca (surname unknown) and in 1881 was working as a “feather merchant”.
CHILDREN OF SOLOMON
Solomon’s first five children were all born in Whitechapel – Louisa in 1844, David in 1846, Julia in 1848, Lucy in 1851, and Maurice in 1853. Nothing further is yet known of them.
Solomon’s sixth child, Benjamin, was born in about 1854. In 1881 he was living with his family at 23 Athelstan Road, Stepney, working as a commercial traveller in the wine trade. That same year he married a widow, Louisa Rose Humble, with whom he had three children – Solomon Algernon born in 1881, Benjamin Noel in 1883 and Edith Rosa in 1887 (details below). In 1891 the family were living in Brixton: Benjamin was a “traveller”, and Louisa’s children Ethel and Hilda were with them. Louisa died in 1895, and in 1896/7 Benjamin married Rosine Norman, with whom he had a daughter, Marjorie Sadie, born in 1898. In 1901 the family were living in Lewisham; Benjamin was still a “commercial traveller”.
Solomon’s seventh child, Sarah, was born in Whitechapel in 1857. She is probably the ‘Sadie Andrade’ recorded as living, or staying, with her brother by the 1901 census.Solomon’s eighth child, Rachel, was born in about 1859. In 1881 she was living with her family at 23 Athelstan Road, Stepney.
Solomon’s ninth child, Esther, was born in about 1861. In 1881 she was living with her family at 23 Athelstan Road, Stepney, working as a dressmaker.
Another child, David, born in about 1874 was with the family at 23 Athelstan Road, Stepney, in 1881, ecorded as a son, and a ‘scholar’ – was he perhaps a grandson?
THE CHILDREN OF BENJAMIN (c. 1854 - aft. 1890)
Benjamin’s second child by
his first marriage, Benjamin Noel (also
known by his second name), was born in 1883. In 1891 he was
living with his family in Brixton, and ten years later he was with them
in Lewisham, “clerk to a timber merchant”.
Benjamin’s third child by his first marriage, Edith Rosa, was born in
1887. In 1891 and 1901 she was living with her family, in
Brixton and Lewisham respectively.
Benjamin’s child by his second marriage, Marjorie Sadie, was born in 1898. Three years later she was with her family in Lewisham.
THE CHILDREN OF SOLOMON HAIM (1802 - 1866)
Solomon’s first child, Moses da Costa, was born in London on 12 February 1827. On 7 August 1850, at 7 Southampton Street, Fitzroy Square, he married Rachel Nunes Carvaljo. They had seven children – Esther born in 1852, Hannah in 1853, Sarah in 1854, Solomon in 1856, David Alexander in about 1857, Lizzie in 1860, and Albert in about 1861 (details below). In 1861 the couple were living at Woodbury Vale, Stoke Newington; Moses was an “ostrich feather maker”; twenty years later he was at 80 Portland Place, Marylebone, with David and Albert; stil working as an ostrich feather maker; Rachel was not with them. Rachel died on 25 January 1901.
Solomon’s second child, Joseph da Costa, was born in 1828. Nothing further is known of him.
Solomon’s third child, David da Costa, was born in Middlesex on 2 August 1830. An “ostrich feather maker”, he married Sarah Nunes Carvaljo at 63 Leadenhall Street, London on 15 February 1854. The couple had ten children – Solomon Henry, born in 1854, Esther in 1856, Hannah in 1860, Robert in 1861, Daniel in 1862, John in 1865, Miriam in 1866, Ellen Benvenuta in 1868, Samuel in 1871 and Lucy Rebecca in 1872 (details below). Sarah died on 7 November 1873; David’s date of death is unknown.
David’s fourth child, Sarah, was born in London on 1 January 1832. On 1 February 1860, still in London, she married John Pesman Capua, a feather manufacturer. Sarah died in Hackney on 27 January 1893, and John died at 64 Marylebone Lane on 30 November 1900.
David’s fifth child, Lucy Rebecca, was born in London in 1835. On 12 March 1856, still in London, she married Mark Daniel Suhami. In 1861 the couple were living at 272 High Holborn.
David’s sixth child, Joseph Haim da Costa, was born in London on 25 September 1836. On 8 July 1857, in Kent, he married Rebecca Suhami (or Samuel?). In 1881 Joseph and Rebecca were living in Marylebone; Joseph was a “feather merchant”. Joseph died in 1888; Rebecca died on 31 March 1909.
David’s seventh child, Samuel da Costa, was born on 26 May 1838. On 7 September 1864, at Bevis Marks Synagogue, he married Miriam Nunes(Maria Nunes) Carvaljo, with whom he had four children – Solomon Hyam in 1867, Nina in 1869, Sarah in 1871, and Josephine (see below). Miriam died on 6 September 1907; Samuel died on 1 September 1909 in Brighton.
David’s eighth child, Hannah, was born in 1840. Nothing further is known of her.
David’s ninth child Louisa (or ‘Leah’) was born in 1841. In 1850 she was living in Stratford Green. On 10 February 1875 she married Levy Benatar.
David’s tenth child, Joshua, was born in 1843. In 1881 he was living with his widowed mother in Islington.
David’s eleventh child, Rebecca da Costa, was born in London on 2 May 1845. On 1 November 1876, at Bevis Marks Synagogue, she married Philip Samuel.
David’s twelfth child, Abigail Amelia da Costa, was born in Leadenhall Street in 1847. On 16 December 1868 she married Phineas Hands.
David’s thirteenth child, Leah, was born in 1847 – presumably a twin to Abigail. Nothing further is known of her.
CHILDREN OF MOSES
Moses’ first three children were all born in Cripplegate: Esther in 1852, Hannah in 1853, and Sarah in 1854. Nothing further is yet known of them.
Moses’ fourth child, Solomon Victor(known by his second name), was born in Cripplegate on 27 November 1855. On 23 October 1878 he married Hannah Davis, and had at least two children – Moses Bertie in 1879 and Frederick Cyril Vivian in 1882 (details below). In 1881 they were living at 2a Merton Road, Hampstead; Victor was a merchant.
Moses’ fifth child, David Alexander, was born in about 1857. In 1881 he was living with his father at 80 Portland Place, Marylebone, working as a clerk. He died on 27 March 1887.
Moses’ sixth child, Lizzie (also known as ‘Dollie’), was born in Stoke Newington in 1860. On 15 April 1886 she married Daniel Finzi, a musician; she died in childbirth a year later.
Moses’s seventh child, Albert, was born in about 1861. In 1881 he was living with his father at 80 Portland Place, Marylebone, working as a clerk.
THE CHILDREN OF SOLOMON VICTOR (1855 - aft. 1880)
Victor’s second child, Frederick Cyril Vivian, was born in 1882 . A “specialist art dealer of remarkable gifts”, he served for twenty years on Westminster City Council where he “once made a public protest in a full suit of armour”.
THE CHILDREN OF DAVID (1830 - aft. 1852)
David’s first child, Solomon Henry da Costa, was born in Islington on 5 November 1854. A feather merchant, in 1878, now in London, he married Amy Eliza Davis, with whom he had six children: Frederick da Costa, born in 1880; Edward Neville da Costa in 1889; Reginald da Costa in 1890, Arthur Frank da Costa in 1891, James da Costa in 1894, and Esther da Costa in 1896 (details below). In 1891 the family were at 54 Darenth Road, Hackney, and ten years later at 64 Faversham Road, Lewisham.David’s second child, Esther da Costa, was born in Islington in 1856; his third, Hannah da Costa, in 1860; his fourth, Robert, in 1861; his fifth, Daniel da Costa, in 1862; his sixth, John da Costa, in 1865, and his seventh, Miriam, in 1866.
David’s eighth child, Ellen Benvenutez, was born in Islington in 1868; she married Jacques Michel Levy in 1893.
Daniel’s ninth child, Samuel, was born in Islington in 1871, and his tenth, Lucy Rebecca, was born there in 1872.
CHILDREN OF SOLOMON
(1854 - aft. 1890)
Solomon’s first child, Frederick da Costa, was born in Hampstead in 1880. Nothing further is yet known of him.
Solomon’s second child, Edward Neville da Costa, was born in Paddington on 27 December 1887. He attended St Dunstan’s College, Catford, and studied physics at University College London. He stayed at UCL to do research, where he found his long-term interest in metal flow. In 1911 he moved to the University of Heidelberg where he worked with Philipp Lenard, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist. In 1913 he went to Manchester to work with another pioneering physicist, Ernest Rutherford, on gamma rays. [Edward went on to become an internationally distinguished physicist, and towards the end of his life published some ‘Personal Reflections’ about his life’s work.]
Solomon’s third child, Reginald da Costa, was born in Hackney in 1890. Nothing further is yet known of him.
Solomon’s fourth child, Arthur Frank da Costa, was born on 14 August 1891 in Hackney. He died there on 6 January 1894.
Solomon’s fifth child, James da Costa, was born in 1894 in Stoke Newington, and his sixth, Esther da Costa, in 1896 in Clapton. Nothing further is yet known of them.
CHILDREN OF SAMUEL
(1838 - 1909)
Samuel’s first child, Solomon Hyam, was born in 1867. At some stage, probably while at school, he acquired the nickname ‘Jappa’. He was a stockbroker in London. He married Flora Cohen in 1899, and had a son, Jack.
Samuel’s second child, known as ‘Nina’ (proper name Hannah or Sophie?), was apparently born in about 1869. She was a singer who performed in Europe and America. She married Henry Russell, who was apparently manager for Dame Nellie Melba; the couple accompanied Melba to Australia on one of her final tours.
Samuel’s third child, Sarah (‘Sally’) da Costa, was born in Brighton on 9 September 1871. She suffered from asthma from childhood, and as a young woman was sent to a sanatorium in Switzerland; there she fell in love with one of the assistant doctors, Fidel Georg Baur. The couple married in a civil ceremony in Brighton on 17 July 1899. Several years later Fidel obtained a position in charge of a sanitorium in Australia, and they emigrated there, living initially in a small cottage at Mount Victoria where their first son, Norbert George, was born on 4 March 1904. Their second son, George Hermann, was born a year later.
Samuel’s fourth child, Josephine (‘Josie’), was born in Brighton in 1873. On 6 May 1894, at Heidelberg, she married Dr Gustav Oppenheim, a German rabbi. They lived in Mannheim, and had four children – Augusta (‘Gustel’) born in about 1897, Miriam (‘Mirjam’) in about 1899, Marta (‘Martl’) in 1900 and Ludwig (‘Lutz’), date unknown.
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